Film director who was regarded as ‘the father of Brazilian cinema’
Before the late 1950s Brazilian cinema had caused hardly a ripple worldwide. Then Nelson Pereira dos Santos, who has died aged 89, joined Ruy Guerra and Glauber Rocha to form the Cinema Novo co-operative, initiating exciting developments in Brazilian cinema that inspired political film-makers all over Latin America.
At the time Pereira, the oldest of the three film directors and always considered “the father of new Brazilian cinema”, was also the most experienced. He had already practised what Cinema Novo preached. Adopting Italian neo-realist principles of documentary-style location and shooting with non-professional actors, in 1955 Pereira had made Rio, 40 Degrees, which set the standard for independent cinema in Brazil.